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Can parks meet its dual mandate of access and protection

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Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for Presidio trust oversight hearing. United States. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Dept.

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NPS Organic Act

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The ministry developed a comprehensive framework to monitor the ecological, social and economic aspects that support sustainable planning and management. It covers the period from to The Provincial Parks and Conservation Reserves Act, requires that the Minister of Natural Resources report publicly on the state of the protected area system at least once every five years.

To meet this commitment the Ministry of Natural Resources developed a comprehensive framework to monitor ecological, social and economic aspects to support sustainable planning and management of provincial parks and conservation reserves. Included are a description of the legislative and strategic direction for the protected area system, a brief history of the development of the system and an overview of the planning process for protected areas.

Together, these aspects demonstrate an ongoing and evolving commitment to the integrity of the areas that are protected. Ontario has adopted an Ecological Land Classification system as a framework for terrestrial ecosystem representation within the protected areas system. Geological representation is based on environmental themes organized by time, landform evolution and geologic process. Cultural heritage representation is based on a framework that organizes history in relation to aspects of the landscape and physical environment that are basic to human development, including Aboriginal and European settlement.

Chapter three, Ecological Integrity, defines and interprets the term ecological integrity. Factors that contribute to the integrity of protected areas and to the maintenance of ecological integrity over time are discussed.

The discussion addresses known pressures, responses to those pressures and the benefits of the protected area system, including the conservation of biodiversity.

These benefits include opportunities for recreation, traditional uses, research and education, as well as broader ecological and societal benefits. There are about 10 million visits to provincial parks each year, with the majority being day users. It is based on analysis included in four technical reports. SOPAR reports on four key program areas.

SOPAR establishes benchmarks to measure the future progress of the provincial parks and conservation reserves program. The constitutional protection provided under existing Aboriginal and treaty rights for the Aboriginal peoples of Canada is recognized by the act.

The PPCRA describes two fundamental principles to guide the planning and management of all provincial parks and conservation reserves: to maintain and restore ecological integrity where possible and to provide opportunities for consultation. Maintenance of ecological integrity shall be the first priority and the restoration of ecological integrity shall be considered. The PPCRA includes balanced objectives for establishing and managing provincial parks and conservation reserves Table 1.

Finally, the PPCRA requires that MNR report on the state of the provincial park and conservation reserve system at least once every five years, and that:. The Wilderness Areas Act has been used to preserve small areas to protect plants, animals and other values for recreational, research and educational activities. The value and future status of these areas is currently under review. Ontario has established a world class protected area system.

It started in with the creation of Algonquin Park, soon followed by Rondeau in The first Parks Act was introduced in By , there were six provincial parks and two national parks in Ontario. Following World War II , demand for outdoor activities led to the creation of new recreation-based parks. In , the Provincial Parks Act was enacted to guide the development and management of the parks. Increasing awareness and interest in nature led to the creation of the Wilderness Areas Act and the regulation of several small wilderness areas in By , Ontario had developed a park classification system and established its first primitive now called wilderness and nature reserve class parks.

In , Ontario approved a provincial park policy, including a goal, objectives, principles and targets for completing a system of provincial parks. By , Ontario had established provincial parks with an area of 4. In , the Minister of Natural Resources announced new provincial park proposals, including the immediate regulation of six large wilderness parks.

By , Ontario had established provincial parks with an area of 6. This led to the creation of conservation reserves under the Public Lands Act and the regulation of nearly a million hectares of land and water as new provincial parks, park additions, and conservation reserves. Land use planning and public consultation took place for an area covering more than 45 per cent of the province. The strategy identified new provincial parks, conservation reserves and additions covering approximately 2.

Agreements such as Legacy and more recently Greenlands have helped expand the protected area system through partnerships with private individuals, businesses, Aboriginal peoples and conservation organizations. This new legislation guides the planning, management and operation of these protected areas. The initiative will lead to the protection of at least , square kilometres of the Far North of Ontario in a network of conservation lands.

To achieve this objective, MNR is working jointly with First Nations in the Far North to develop community- based land use plans that will identify areas designated for protection and areas where resources are capable of supporting new economic opportunities.

There are currently regulated provincial parks, regulated conservation reserves, 19 recommended new provincial parks and conservation reserves, and 11 wilderness areas, comprising an area of approximately 9. Regulated provincial parks and conservation reserves have been formally designated by a regulation under the PPCRA.

The regulation must be approved by the Lieutenant Governor-in-Council. The regulation process involves detailed mapping and consultation with adjacent landowners. Recommended protected areas are identified in an approved land use direction, but have not yet been regulated. Recommended protected areas are under interim protection from industrial activities and land dispositions. In Ontario there are at least 40 additional protected area designations e. These areas are located on publicly and privately owned lands and waters and provide various levels of protection and use.

These parks preserve biodiversity and important wildlife habitat, celebrate the beauty and infinite variety of our land and offer gateways to nature, adventure, discovery and solitude. The five national parks in Ontario also contribute to objectives and targets for provincial protected areas. Provincial parks are organized into six classes based upon their purpose. All provincial parks are planned and managed by MNR to protect natural and cultural values, conserve biodiversity, and support research and monitoring.

Wilderness class parks protect large areas where nature can exist freely. Visitors mostly travel on foot or by canoe and leave little or no impact on the surrounding area.

These parks offer unique and challenging wilderness experiences. Figure 1. It is important to protect these areas because of their cultural and historical value and to support interpretation, education and research. These areas are protected for their natural value, to support scientific research and to maintain biodiversity. They provide high quality recreational and educational experiences.

Waterway class parks protect recreational water routes and significant terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems with their associated natural and cultural features. These parks provide high quality recreational and educational experiences.

Recreational class parks provide outdoor recreation opportunities in attractive natural surroundings. They facilitate scientific research and support monitoring of ecological change and provide opportunities for ecologically sustainable, traditional outdoor heritage activities. Wilderness areas preserve land for research and education, protection of plants and animals, and improvement of the area for its historical, aesthetic, scientific or recreational values.

There are currently 11 wilderness areas located outside provincial parks and conservation reserves. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature IUCN has developed a system for classifying protected areas around the world in a consistent manner. Planning protected areas is an important role for MNR.

Management planning makes sure that legislation and strategic direction are applied to a provincial park or conservation reserve. It also identifies the contribution an individual area makes to the overall protected areas system Figure 1. Management direction can be a management statement for less complex needs or a management plan for more complex situations. Both documents provide a policy framework for managing issues, natural resources, human activities and capital infrastructure within protected areas.

Management statements and plans provide direction for permitted uses and management activities within a protected area over a year time frame. Management activities include activities to conserve natural and cultural heritage, provide outdoor recreation opportunities, promote heritage appreciation and education, and research and monitoring. Management direction is developed as part of a flexible adaptive management approach that includes planning, implementing, monitoring, evaluating, and adjusting.

The new manual helps to ensure these principles are integrated into management planning. The planning and management of provincial parks and conservation reserves must also comply with the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act , Endangered Species Act , Fisheries Act, , Environmental Assessment Act and other relevant legislation. The management planning process, while it may contain as many as six steps, is really more of a continuous cycle of planning, implementation and improvement Figure 1.

For any given process some of the steps may be combined. However, the sequences of steps in the process remain the same. The nature and degree of management documentation and the number of consultation opportunities can change depending on local issues and public concern.

Secondary plans are prepared for complex issues where more guidance is required. Examples include fire or vegetation management plans, or a more holistic treatment of the environment in an ecosystem management plan. An approved management direction may indicate a secondary plan is needed, or the need might be in response to an unforeseen circumstance.

The Class EA-PPCR provides an efficient way to assess management projects based on scale, environmental impacts and level of public concern. Through this process issues, concerns and preferred strategies are identified to ensure that natural, cultural, social and economic values are considered and to reduce negative effects.

The Crown has a duty to consult Aboriginal communities where an action or decision could affect established or asserted Aboriginal and treaty rights. This may include development or establishment of new policy, if that policy may affect established or asserted treaty or Aboriginal rights.

Planning for protected areas takes into account the interest and rights of Aboriginal peoples. Aboriginal traditional knowledge is considered in the management direction for protected areas where provided. Public consultation gives the public the chance to contribute to management planning decisions and MNR the opportunity to communicate its intentions and decisions.

It also helps MNR to show how public input has influenced decisions and to ensure accountability. Protected areas are selected and designed based on ecological, geological and cultural heritage features.

Areas with the best examples of a feature or condition are rated provincially significant. Areas with next best examples may be considered regionally or locally significant. Selecting a site is guided in part by policy commitments based on park class. The selection of park and conservation reserve sites is based on specific criteria, including representation of the best examples of the natural and cultural heritage of the province.

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Through the Yellowstone and other early park acts, Congress set the course for a rich American legacy. It provides a strong sense of purpose and direction to those who manage the parks and to those who love and visit them. Countries around the world have followed this model to protect their own heritage. The Organic Act directs the NPS to promote and regulate the use of the parks by whatever means and measures conform to the fundamental purpose of the parks.

The author begins his narration by describing the importance of a technical solution, which is a solution where humans thrive without changing their ideology. The system is flawed involving pollution, even if the factory is taxed for pollution, the company can simply fund the taxes through their customer, who become the victim. It is difficult to regulate the birth rate of families.

National parks are extremely important for protecting ecosystems. Allowing access to humans can make it difficult to protect national parks. In order to meets its dual mandate and protection, there should be rules enforced to minimize human contact with animals, vegetation, or water. There should be designated areas for humans for minimal disruption to the ecosystem, for example human trails for hiking. Closed garbage bins for people should be placed around the park or it can create problems with attracting wildlife comprising their protection.

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The ministry developed a comprehensive framework to monitor the ecological, social and economic aspects that support sustainable planning and management. It covers the period from to The Provincial Parks and Conservation Reserves Act, requires that the Minister of Natural Resources report publicly on the state of the protected area system at least once every five years. To meet this commitment the Ministry of Natural Resources developed a comprehensive framework to monitor ecological, social and economic aspects to support sustainable planning and management of provincial parks and conservation reserves. Included are a description of the legislative and strategic direction for the protected area system, a brief history of the development of the system and an overview of the planning process for protected areas. Together, these aspects demonstrate an ongoing and evolving commitment to the integrity of the areas that are protected. Ontario has adopted an Ecological Land Classification system as a framework for terrestrial ecosystem representation within the protected areas system. Geological representation is based on environmental themes organized by time, landform evolution and geologic process. Cultural heritage representation is based on a framework that organizes history in relation to aspects of the landscape and physical environment that are basic to human development, including Aboriginal and European settlement.

State of Ontario’s Protected Areas Report

Overview of Certification Programs. Mental Health Resourses Mental health is as important as our physical health. Waivers and Acknowledgement of Risk Forms. Contacts Additional contact information. The ACMG seeks to balance a dual mandate - protecting the public interest while also providing services to its members.

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Changing Environment

Robin W. Reprinted by permission of Denver University Law Review. Historians concerned with the National Park Service, managers in the Park Service, and critics and defenders of the Service, frequently state that the Organic Act which brought the National Park Service into existence in contains a "contradictory mandate.

Using dilemma cards describing some of the issues affecting Yellowstone National Park, students work in small groups to consider management issues that meet both of the conflicting mandates that the National Park Service must follow. After the investigation, students will be able to answer the question: How does the National Park Service attempt to balance the dueling mandates of preservation and use in complex dilemmas? The National Park Service is only one of the federal agencies responsible for managing public lands. Others include the Bureau of Land Management, the U. Forest Service, and the U.

Dueling Mandates: Preservation and Use of National Parks

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In its Annual Report, the Trust defined its dual goals—“to preserve and financial self-sufficiency mandate and its broader national park site goal if it is to viability and help ensure that it can meet its financial self-sufficiency mandate. achieving self-sufficiency with the related goals of enhancing visitor access  United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Dept. of the Interior and Related Agencies - - ‎United States.

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